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Scientific Talk by Friedemann Pulvermüller at the Nat Conference in Barcelona

News vom 04.09.2023

On Friday, 15th September Friedemann Pulvermüller is giving a talk at the Nat Conference in Barcelona on “Neurobiological mechanisms for representing concepts and symbols in the brain”.

Abstract:

How do we represent objects and concepts in our minds and brains? This question has been considered nonsense. It has also been claimed that representations, in a narrow sense, do not exist, but that dynamic activity patterns explain what we envisage as the ‘mental images’ of the world. But others have postulated that unique representational ‘nodes’ exist for each object, concept or referring symbol, and even for their perceptual and conceptual features.

How can we find out? I propose to try it out. By creating networks of neuron-like elements, by connecting these as they are in local cortical circuits, areas, and, at a larger scale, in the human connectome, by implementing regulation and control mechanisms and, most importantly, by realistic learning procedures. Such “brain-constrained” neural networks can be treated like infants who experience objects with varying degree of similarity and later-on words and larger chunks of language in their context. We can then ask what goes on in the brain-like architectures when they experience the world and when they learn symbols.

One result of this endeavor is (of course) that the answer very much depends on the brain-constraints implemented. Networks with sequential area links, but no within-area connections, build fully distributed dynamic patterns. Adding reciprocal between-area links, within-area excitatory connections and local inhibition leads to circuit formation. A circuit includes many neurons and may be distributed across different network areas. Importantly, it may ‘ignite’ as a whole and maintain its reverberant activity for some time.

The talk will report on some recent results from simulating – and possibly explaining at a neurobiological level – spontaneous concept formation, as it is seen in preverbal infants. Symbol learning will be addressed, as it normally occurs from the end of the first year of life, along with the fast mapping of symbol form to meaning. Learning-simulation experiments will address different symbol types along with questions about differences between different types of referring expressions and between concrete and abstract concepts and symbols.

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