Marcha das Margaridas 2019: alimentação, mobilização social e feminismos
Teixeira, Marco Antonio; Campos Motta, Renata; Renno, Lucio R.; Zentgraf, Lea; Galindo, Eryka – 2021
This paper presents data collected from the survey Marcha das Margaridas 2019: food, social mobilization, and feminisms, conducted on August 13-14, 2019 by the Research Group Food for Justice: Power, Politics, and Food Inequalities in a Bioeconomy, based at the Institute for Latin American Studies at the Freie Universtität Berlin. The survey aimed to understand the social composition and perceptions of activists on the topics of food, social mobilization, and feminisms. The results reveal that the activists who marched in Brasília in the 6th edition of the Marcha das Margaridas in 2019 are mostly black [pretas] and brown [pardas]1, Catholic, with complete or incomplete high school education, residing in households with an average of almost 4.7 residents, in which they are mostly responsible for domestic work. They come mainly from the Northeast, with a per capita income of less than one minimum wage, and from rural areas, although there is a significant presence of urban women among the participants. Most of them recognize themselves as feminists and position themselves in favor of women’s rights, black populations, LGBTQI+, and environmental agendas. Nevertheless, there are controversies about important issues for the feminist movement, such as the legalization of abortion. The results also reveal the importance of women’s work in the production, commercialization and consumption of food, and in the development of agroecological practices. 1 We used a literal translation of the terms black (preto) and brown (pardo) in English because the term BIPoC (Black, Indigenous, and People of Color) is not very common in the Brazilian context.