Kursbeschreibung: Language and the Brain
16910 - Vorlesung/LectureMA Vorlesung / Lecture series in context of MA ‚Mind and Brain‘, MA ‚Sprachwissenschaft‘
Coordination: Pia Knoeferle (Institut für deutsche Sprache und Linguistik, HU Berlin)
Venue: HU Berlin: Lecture Hall of the Bernstein Centers for Computational Neuroscience, Philippstr. 13, Haus 6, 10115 Berlin
Time: Monday 12:00-14:00 pm
Teaching language: Englisch
Limited capacity: no
Compulsory participation: no
The course plan is here.
Language has been investigated from a range of perspectives. Linguists have described it as a formal system focusing on levels that range from phonology to syntax, semantics and pragmatics. Both linguists and psychologists worked on models focusing on the time course of linguistic processing in production and understanding, so that these psycholinguistic models could be tested in behavioral experiments. Most recently, neuro- and cognitive scientists attempt at spelling out the brain mechanisms of language in terms of neuronal structure and function. These efforts are founded in neuroscience data about the brain loci that activate when specific linguistic operations occur, the time course of their activation and the effects of their specific lesion. The lecture series will provide a broad introduction into these linguistic, psycholinguistic and neurolinguistics research streams and highlight a range of cutting edge behavioral and neuroscience findings addressing a broad range of linguistic issues, including, for example, the recognition of words, the parsing of sentences, and the computation of the meaning and communicative function of utterances. Language development and language disorders caused by disease of the brain will also be in the focus. The experimental approaches under discussion will range from behavioral (reaction time studies, eye tracking) to neuroimaging methods (EEG, MEG, fMRI, NIRS) and neuropsychological ones (patient studies, TMS, tDCS). A discussion of major theoretical approaches to language in the human mind and brain will round up the lectures.
Complementing the lecture series, a tutorial will be offered by an advanced PhD student at the Berlin School of Mind and Brain. The tutorial will deepen the lecture contents, in part by discussing specific relevant articles with theoretical and experimental focus. In doing so, it will highlight findings about aspects of language-related behavior and brain imaging results on the background of theory-driven hypothesis and brain language models. Together with the lectures, the tutorial will familiarize students with current research questions in the field of language and the brain and with current ongoing research addressing these questions.
This lecture series is open to students at the Berlin School of Mind and Brain as well as for students of linguistics at both HU and FU Berlin.
Readings (for preparation):
Pulvermüller, F., & Fadiga, L. 2016. Brain Language Mechanisms Built on Action and Perception. In G. Hickok & S. Small (Eds.), Handbook of Neurobiology of Language, Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 311-324. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-407794-2.00026-2
Knoeferle, P. & Guerra, E. 2016. Visually situated language comprehension. Language and Linguistics Compass, 10, 66-82.
All materials for this course can be found at the following website. Please apply for a moodle account under https://moodle.hu-berlin.de – in case there are access problems.