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Toolset

Our classification is based on two basic questions.

1: Can the poem be determined grammetrically? For this we use a scheme developed by Donald Wesling:

2: Are these grammetric patterns isochronous? To answer this question we use a scheme from Richard Cureton based on Lerdahls and Jackendoffs "Generative Theory of Tonal Music":

These two questions can be operationalized if we add the "rhythmic phrasing" of poems, i.e.the variation of "time spans" (rubato) and the "prolongation" (legato - portato - staccato) into Wesling's scheme. How this works is shown in the diagram below by the blue brackets:

During our project we have developed software that is able to align the audio signals and the poem text using different OpenSourceTools (Wavesurfer, CMU Sphinx, PoS-Tagger, ToBI, WEKA) to extract relevant features like syllables, lines or prosodic features based on this alignment:

In the diagram shown above, this extraction is illustrated by the example of a poem by Bas Böttcher. We are also working on solutions for the difficult application of our software to a relatively small data corpus - lyrikline - and for the further development from supervised to unsupervised machine learning. We use a bidirectional recurrent neural network (RNN):